Ancient City of Sighnaq
Today it is an open-air museum that attracts travelers from all over the world and introduces them to Kazakh historical and cultural heritage.
Sighnaq (also known as Syganak) is a major historical landmark of Kazakhstan. It is included in the tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The city was first mentioned in written sources in the 10th/11th century, stating stating it was the town of the Oghuz. In the Middle Ages Syganak was the capital of Kipchak Khanate, the headquarters of the White Horde and the center of the Kazakh Khanate. Excavations on its territory were conducted at the beginning of the 21th century. Ruins of many buildings of medieval architecture were discovered, as well as ceramic vessels, millstone fragments, and patterned stones.