Mausoleum

艾莎比比和巴巴扎哈顿陵墓

艾莎比比和巴巴扎哈顿的陵墓是塔拉兹市(Taraz)附近修建的两座建筑,周围流传着许多传说。
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1 hour

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Location

江布尔地区

艾莎比比和巴巴扎哈顿陵墓

艾莎比比和巴巴扎哈顿的陵墓是塔拉兹市(Taraz)附近修建的两座建筑,周围流传着许多传说。

艾莎比比和巴巴扎哈顿的陵墓是江布尔州(Zhambyl)的瑰宝,并且是11-12世纪中世纪建筑术的真正纪念碑。这两座建筑是在塔拉兹市边界附近建造的,周围有许多传说。

据信,成为孤儿的艾莎比比是卡拉汗(Karakhan)的情人,但她的监护人不同意有爱心的人结婚,于是这个不可挽回的的女孩离家出走,不久就被毒蛇咬伤致死。随后,伤悲的卡拉汗在她去世的地方建立了一座纪念墓,但不幸的是,没有关于古代建筑师的确切信息。巴巴扎哈顿是艾莎比比的旅伴和教育者。她守卫着女孩的陵墓,死后她被安葬在离艾莎几步远的地方。

艾莎比比陵墓结构独特,是该国家唯一的建筑术纪念碑,完全用赤陶块材砌成。巴巴扎哈顿墓的特点是伞形有突起的穹顶,这也使其成为中世纪的一种典型。现在,陵墓是信徒们最喜爱的旅游目的地和朝圣中心。这些纪念碑的庄严与它们精神上的纯朴非常接近,因此这里总是弥漫着一种平和与平和的气氛。

2020-2021年有用提示。

怎么到达?

对于您来说,到达陵墓不会造成很大的困难。它们位于距塔拉兹18公里的艾莎比比村。塔拉兹市以交通便利而著称。您可以坐火车或飞机到达那里。“奥丽阿塔”(Aulie-Ata)塔拉兹机场位于市中心通往艾莎比比i村的路上。从机场到陵墓只有8公里。此外,塔拉兹市也有一个长途汽车站。

您可以从塔拉兹市直接坐出租车或者租车到达游览胜地。但我们建议您作为游览团的一员前往那里,因为专业导游会告诉您许多有趣的事情!此外,这次旅行不仅限于参观此站点。周末游览该地区的历史遗迹吧!

饮食和过夜

由于游览胜地位于塔拉兹市附近,所以最好安排一个在市区内饮食和过夜的地方。

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Tourists routes

Taraz and its surroundings

Excursion tour
Taraz, the famous "city of merchants," is one of the most important stops on the Kazakh section of the Silk Road. It emerged almost at the same time as this main trading artery of antiquity, about two thousand years ago. Just like in other parts of Kazakhstan, the trade came into full swing here especially in the period following the breakdown of the Turkic Khaganate. However, historical events had impacted these places even before that. The ruins of Akyrtas, a gigantic structure dating from the 8th century, and the three-thousand-year-old rock paintings you may find in the nearby mountains, serve as proof of this. A project aimed at recreating a medieval city in the center of Taraz, right where life was in full swing centuries ago, has recently begun. Now excavation works are performed and museums operate here, and a comfortable infrastructure has developed to immerse tourists in history. Almaty Akyrtas Scientists believe that the Akyrtas сomplex, built of huge stone blocks, could have been built in the 8th century by order of the Arab commander Kuteiba. It is believed that the architecture stylistically closest to Akyrtas is the palace of Qasr al-Hayr al-Sharqi, built in 728 and located near the city of Palmyra in Syria. Tekturmas According to a legend, the mausoleum of Tekturmas is the burial place of the saint Sultan Mahmud Khan, nicknamed Tekturmas-Ata, who became famous for his activities in spreading Islam. Additionally, archaeologists found some burials here made both in the Islamic, Christian and even Zoroastrian traditions. It is also worth mentioning that you may enjoy a beautiful view of Taraz city from here. Karakhan It is believed that this mausoleum was built in the 11th century over the grave of one of the rulers from the Karakhanid dynasty, whose influence extended almost to the entire Central Asian region. The walls of the mausoleum are mainly made of modern bricks, yet they say that there are still bricks of the Karakhanid times left somewhere inside the mausoleum. In other words, in order to "touch" history here, it is better to go inside. Ancient Taraz Ten years ago, this area (or better said, the area above it) was occupied by a large market. Fortunately, some benevolent scientists were able to convince city authorities to begin excavations on its territory, despite the existence of the market, and then completely move the market to another place. This allowed archaeologists to start a large-scale project in which antiquity and modernity complement each other in a very harmonious way. Aisha Bibi and Babaji Khatun Written sources do not contain any information about the origins of these two mausoleums. All we have are legends about the love story between the brave warrior Karakhan and the beautiful woman Aisha, as well as about Aisha’s nanny named Babaji-khatun. The whole story has a sad ending; Aisha died from a snakebite, and grieving Karakhan erected a mausoleum in her memory.Meanwhile, Aisha’s devoted nanny chose to look after the grave of her pupil until her own death, after which a mausoleum was erected over her grave as well. Taraz Almaty must do! – Walk around the Aisha-Bibi mausoleum three times counterclockwise, holding on to its walls, before entering, as prescribed by local traditions. – Visit the spring of Auliyebastau located next to the ancient settlement of the same name, 30 kilometers from Taraz. The water here contains a lot of important minerals and microelements, keeping the temperature of +16 degrees Celsius all year round. Then what? If you wish to plunge deeper into history, then we recommend you to visit the Karasai tract located in the mountains east of Taraz. Here you will find a lot of rock paintings dating from the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age. You may vary your road trip from Taraz to Almaty by visiting the Merke gorge, where the natural splendor of the mountains of the Kyrgyz ridge is successfully combined with historical heritage.

Tourist attractions