Mausoleum

Mausolées d'Aïcha-bibi et de Babaji-khatun

Les mausolées d'Aïcha-bibi et de Babaji-khatun, érigés près de la ville de Taraz, sont entourés de nombreuses légendes.
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Région de Zhambyl

Mausolées d'Aïcha-bibi et de Babaji-khatun

Les mausolées d'Aïcha-bibi et de Babaji-khatun, érigés près de la ville de Taraz, sont entourés de nombreuses légendes.

Mausolées d'Aïcha-bibi et Babaji-Khatun – les vraies perles de la région de Zhambyl, sont de véritables monuments d'architecture médiévale datant des 11-12 siècles. Ces deux structures, entourés de nombreuses légendes, ont été construites à proximité des frontières de Taraz.

On pense que l'orpheline Aïcha-bibi était l'amoureuse de Karakhan, mais son tuteur n'a pas consenti au mariage des deux amoureux, alors la jeune fille désespérée s'est enfuie de la maison et a reçu une morsure mortelle de serpent. Ensuite, Karakhan en deuil a érigé une tombe commémorative sur le lieu de sa mort, mais, malheureusement, il n'y a pas d'informations exactes sur les architectes. Babaji-khatun, fidèle compagne et éducatrice de la défunte, a gardé le mausolée de la jeune fille et après sa mort, elle a été enterrée à quelques pas d'Aïcha.

Le mausolée Aïcha-bibi a une structure unique, étant le seul monument architectural du pays, entièrement recouvert de tuiles en terre cuite. Et la tombe de Babaji-khatun se caractérise par son exceptionnel dôme en forme de parapluie nervuré, qui classe également la structure comme l'un des échantillons médiévaux. Aujourd'hui, les mausolées sont les destinations touristiques préférées et les centres de pèlerinage des croyants. La solennité des monuments est étroitement liée à leur simplicité spirituelle, c'est pourquoi une atmosphère de paix et de tranquillité d'esprit règne toujours ici.

Conseils pratiques pour 2020-2021.

S'y rendre

Il n'est pas très difficile de se rendre aux mausolées. Ils sont situés dans l'aul Aïcha-bibi, à 18 km de Taraz. La ville de Taraz est facilement accessible. Vous pouvez vous y rendre par train et par avion. L'aéroport de Taraz,"Aulie-Ata", est situé juste sur la route du centre-ville vers le village d'Aïcha-bibi. L'aéroport est à seulement 8 km des mausolées. De plus, il y a une gare routière interurbaine à Taraz.

Pour visiter ces sites vous pouvez partir directement de Taraz en taxi. Vous pouvez également louer une voiture dans l'un des points de location, mais nous vous recommandons de vous y rendre dans le cadre d'un groupe d'excursions, car un guide professionnel vous dira tellement de choses intéressantes ! De plus, le voyage ne se limitera pas à visiter uniquement ce site. Offrez-vous un week-end de visite des sites historiques de la région !

Se nourrir et se loger

Le site étant située à proximité immédiate de Taraz, il est préférable de choisir un endroit où manger et dormir dans cette ville.

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Taraz and its surroundings

Visite guidée
Taraz, the famous "city of merchants," is one of the most important stops on the Kazakh section of the Silk Road. It emerged almost at the same time as this main trading artery of antiquity, about two thousand years ago. Just like in other parts of Kazakhstan, the trade came into full swing here especially in the period following the breakdown of the Turkic Khaganate. However, historical events had impacted these places even before that. The ruins of Akyrtas, a gigantic structure dating from the 8th century, and the three-thousand-year-old rock paintings you may find in the nearby mountains, serve as proof of this. A project aimed at recreating a medieval city in the center of Taraz, right where life was in full swing centuries ago, has recently begun. Now excavation works are performed and museums operate here, and a comfortable infrastructure has developed to immerse tourists in history. Almaty Akyrtas Scientists believe that the Akyrtas сomplex, built of huge stone blocks, could have been built in the 8th century by order of the Arab commander Kuteiba. It is believed that the architecture stylistically closest to Akyrtas is the palace of Qasr al-Hayr al-Sharqi, built in 728 and located near the city of Palmyra in Syria. Tekturmas According to a legend, the mausoleum of Tekturmas is the burial place of the saint Sultan Mahmud Khan, nicknamed Tekturmas-Ata, who became famous for his activities in spreading Islam. Additionally, archaeologists found some burials here made both in the Islamic, Christian and even Zoroastrian traditions. It is also worth mentioning that you may enjoy a beautiful view of Taraz city from here. Karakhan It is believed that this mausoleum was built in the 11th century over the grave of one of the rulers from the Karakhanid dynasty, whose influence extended almost to the entire Central Asian region. The walls of the mausoleum are mainly made of modern bricks, yet they say that there are still bricks of the Karakhanid times left somewhere inside the mausoleum. In other words, in order to "touch" history here, it is better to go inside. Ancient Taraz Ten years ago, this area (or better said, the area above it) was occupied by a large market. Fortunately, some benevolent scientists were able to convince city authorities to begin excavations on its territory, despite the existence of the market, and then completely move the market to another place. This allowed archaeologists to start a large-scale project in which antiquity and modernity complement each other in a very harmonious way. Aisha Bibi and Babaji Khatun Written sources do not contain any information about the origins of these two mausoleums. All we have are legends about the love story between the brave warrior Karakhan and the beautiful woman Aisha, as well as about Aisha’s nanny named Babaji-khatun. The whole story has a sad ending; Aisha died from a snakebite, and grieving Karakhan erected a mausoleum in her memory.Meanwhile, Aisha’s devoted nanny chose to look after the grave of her pupil until her own death, after which a mausoleum was erected over her grave as well. Taraz Almaty must do! – Walk around the Aisha-Bibi mausoleum three times counterclockwise, holding on to its walls, before entering, as prescribed by local traditions. – Visit the spring of Auliyebastau located next to the ancient settlement of the same name, 30 kilometers from Taraz. The water here contains a lot of important minerals and microelements, keeping the temperature of +16 degrees Celsius all year round. Then what? If you wish to plunge deeper into history, then we recommend you to visit the Karasai tract located in the mountains east of Taraz. Here you will find a lot of rock paintings dating from the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age. You may vary your road trip from Taraz to Almaty by visiting the Merke gorge, where the natural splendor of the mountains of the Kyrgyz ridge is successfully combined with historical heritage.

Tourist attractions