Mausoleums of Zhoshy Khan, Alash Khan, Dombauyl
Important historical monuments of medieval architecture of Kazakhstan.
The mausoleums "Zhoshy-khan", "Alasha- khan" and " Dombauyl " are important historical monuments of medieval architecture of Kazakhstan. The tomb of Zhoshy Khan was erected at the burial site of Juchi - the eldest son of the great Genghis Khan. The mausoleum has a rectangular shape, and its structure includes a portal and a double turquoise dome. Passing through the bizarre arch of this magnificent structure, a gravestone will appear to the attention of visitors indicating the identity of the person buried here. The mausoleum does not have excessive pretentiousness, which makes its architectural composition simple and understandable.
The rectangular building of Kumbes of Alash Khan is characterized by the use of bricks and wood in its construction. Regarding the personality of Alash Khan, there are several legends, but many scholars agree that this man was rather a legendary character, not a historical one, but he reflected the unity of the Turkic people. The front side of the monument is decorated with terracotta tiles, and the walls are decorated with geometric style.
From the architectural point of view, Dombauyl, with its yurt-like structure, is no less interesting from the architectural point of view. There are also many theories around the historical figure of Dombaula , but many attribute his image to the folklore hero. The intricate mazar is made of sedimentary rocks and has a very strong foundation, which is not typical for such structures in the region.
All three mausoleums are the present cultural, historical and literary heritage of the Kazakh steppes.